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• • • BitTorrent (abbreviated to BT) is a communication for (P2P) which is used to distribute and over the. BitTorrent is one of the most common protocols for transferring large files, such as files containing or or files containing. Peer-to-peer networks have been estimated to collectively account for approximately 43% to 70% of all (depending on location) as of February 2009.
In February 2013, BitTorrent was responsible for 3.35% of all worldwide, more than half of the 6% of total bandwidth dedicated to file sharing. To send or receive files, a person uses a on their -connected. A BitTorrent client is a computer program that implements the BitTorrent protocol. Popular clients include,,,,,,.
Provide a list of files available for transfer, and allow the client to find peer users known as seeds who may transfer the files. Programmer, a former student, designed the protocol in April 2001 and released the first available version on 2 July 2001, and the most recent version in 2013. Are available for a variety of and including an official client released by As of 2013, BitTorrent has 15–27 million concurrent users at any time. As of January 2012, BitTorrent is utilized by 150 million active users. Based on this figure, the total number of monthly BitTorrent users may be estimated to more than a quarter of a billion.
The middle computer is acting as a 'seed' to provide a file to the other computers which act as peers. The BitTorrent protocol can be used to reduce the server and network impact of distributing large files. Rather than downloading a file from a single source server, the BitTorrent protocol allows users to join a 'swarm' of hosts to upload to/download from each other simultaneously. The protocol is an alternative to the older single source, multiple mirror sources technique for distributing data, and can work effectively over networks with lower. Using the BitTorrent protocol, several basic computers, such as home computers, can replace large servers while efficiently distributing files to many recipients. This lower bandwidth usage also helps prevent large spikes in in a given area, keeping internet speeds higher for all users in general, regardless of whether or not they use the BitTorrent protocol. A user who wants to upload a file first creates a small torrent descriptor file that they distribute by conventional means (web, email, etc.).