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Purana Manuscripts from 15th- to 18th-century The word Puranas (;: पुराण, purāṇa) literally means 'ancient, old', and it is a vast genre of Indian literature about a wide range of topics, particularly myths, legends and other traditional lore. Composed primarily in Sanskrit, but also in regional languages, several of these texts are named after major deities such as Vishnu, Shiva and Devi. Convencer a la gente contando historias pdf editor. The Puranas genre of literature is found in both. The Puranic literature is encyclopedic, and it includes diverse topics such as,, genealogies of gods, goddesses, kings, heroes, sages, and demigods, folk tales, pilgrimages, temples, medicine, astronomy, grammar, mineralogy, humor, love stories, as well as theology and philosophy. The content is highly inconsistent across the Puranas, and each Purana has survived in numerous manuscripts which are themselves inconsistent.
The Hindu Puranas are anonymous texts and likely the work of many authors over the centuries; in contrast, most Jaina Puranas can be dated and their authors assigned. There are 18 Maha Puranas (Great Puranas) and 18 Upa Puranas (Minor Puranas), with over 400,000 verses. The first versions of the various Puranas were likely composed between the 3rd- and 10th-century CE. The Puranas do not enjoy the authority of a scripture in Hinduism, but are considered a. They have been influential in the, inspiring major national and regional annual festivals of Hinduism.
Their role and value as sectarian religious texts and historical texts has been controversial because all Puranas praise many gods and goddesses and 'their sectarianism is far less clear cut' than assumed, states. The religious practices included in them are considered Vaidika (congruent with Vedic literature), because they do not preach initiation into Tantra. The has been among the most celebrated and popular text in the Puranic genre, and is of tenor. The Puranic literature wove with the in India, and both and scholars have commented on the underlying Vedantic themes in the Maha Puranas. • • •, the narrator of the, is hagiographically credited as the compiler of the Puranas. The ancient tradition suggests that originally there was but one Purana.
Vishnu Purana (3.6.15) mentions that Vyasa entrusted his Puranasamhita to his disciple Lomaharshana, who in turn imparted it to his disciples, three of whom compiled their own samhitas. These three, together with Lomaharshana's, comprise the Mulasamhita, from which the later eighteen Puranas were derived. The term Purana appears in the Vedic texts. For example, Atharva Veda mentions Purana (in the singular) in XI.7.24 and XV.6.10-11: 'The rk and saman verses, the chandas, the Purana along with the Yajus formulae, all sprang from the remainder of the sacrificial food, (as also) the gods that resort to heaven.' 'He changed his place and went over to great direction, and Itihasa and Purana, gathas, verses in praise of heroes followed in going over.' —, Similarly, the Shatapatha Brahmana (XI.5.6.8) mentions Itihasapuranam (as one compound word) and recommends that on the 9th day of Pariplava, the hotr priest should narrate some Purana because 'the Purana is the Veda, this it is' (XIII.4.3.13). However, states P.V.
Kane, it is not certain whether these texts suggested several works or single work with the term Purana. The late Vedic text Taittiriya Aranyaka (II.10) uses the term in the plural. Therefore, states Kane, that in the later Vedic period at least, the Puranas referred to three or more texts, and that they were studied and recited In numerous passages the Mahabharata mentions ' Purana' in both singular and plural forms. Moreover, it is not unlikely that, where the singular ' Puranam' was employed in the texts, a class of works was meant. Further, despite the mention of the term Purana or Puranas in the Vedic texts, there is uncertainty about the contents of them until the composition of the oldest Dharmashastra and, that mention Puranas resembling with the extant Puranas. Another early mention of the term 'Itihas-purana' is found in the (7.1.2), translated by as 'the corpus of histories and ancient tales as the fifth Veda'.